Threatened Species and Ecological Communities


A Threatened Species is a plant or animal that has been assessed to determine their risk of extinction. A plant or animal can be considered if: 

  • There is a reduction in its population size 
  • It has a restricted geographical distribution, or 
  • There are few mature individuals. 

In NSW, a threatened species is a plant or animal species that is listed under the Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016 or the NSW Fisheries Management Act 1994.  

Some species may also be listed nationally by the Australian Government under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). 

Under the NSW Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016, a species may be listed as: 


  • Endangered 
  • Critically endangered, or 
  • Presumed extinct 

The Southern Highlands is home to 40 threatened or endangered native plant species and 42 threatened or endangered native animal species. 

Locally the threats  impacting threatened species include: predation and competition from pest species, land clearing, water pollution and habitat removal (e.g. hollow bearing trees).

Threatened Species Projects in the Southern Highlands

Working with the Saving our Species scientists, Wingecarribee Council is supporting threatened species research in the Southern Highlands. Projects include:

Southern Highlands Nature Map

The Southern Highlands Nature Map is available for you to record your sightings as you wander through the bush, or enjoy your local park or backyard. 

Other ways to get involved  

The are a variety of proactive and positive actions you can undertake to support native species throughout the Southern Highlands. 

Citizen Science 

The Southern Highlands Nature Map (app and website) is available for you to record your sightings as you wander through the bush, or enjoy your local park or backyard.  

Conserving Private Land 

Land For Wildlife is a free, voluntary program which aims to encourage and assist private landholders to provide habitats for wildlife on their property, even though the property may be managed primarily for other purposes. 

Habitat for Wildlife is a free, voluntary program which is about creating or maintaining a backyard garden that is wildlife friendly and is for people who live in the Wingecarribee Shire who love native animals. 

Threatened Species Day  

Each year, Council celebrates Threatened Species Day on September 7th. To celebrate council will organise events for the community to get involved in to support threatened species and increase community awareness. 

What is a Threatened Ecological Community? 

An ecological community is a naturally occurring group of native plants, animals and other organisms living in a unique habitat. A healthy ecological community is vital for their survival. 

Some ecological communities are threatened and at risk of extinction. 

This interactive map will provide you with information about Threatened Ecological Communities (TECs) that are found within Southern Highlands bushland reserves and National Parks.